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Full text of "Mathematical And Physical Papers - Iii"

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might not have been due to chlorophyll, the spectrum of which exhibits a division in the green.
126.    When this fluid was examined in Sir David Brewster's manner, and the dispersed beam was analysed, the spectrum was found to consist of a broad band like that which has been already described as seen in the derived spectrum given by a frond of red sea-weed.    When the solution, which happened to be very weak, was examined by the third method, the dispersion was found to be produced chiefly by a portion of the incident spectrum, having a breadth about equal to that of the interval between the two principal  bands  of  absorption.     To  each  of these  bands  corresponded a maximum of activity.    The tint of the dispersed light was nearly uniform;   but by the fourth method of observation some  faint  dispersed  red  could  be made out, which appeared before  the  main  part of the dispersion had  come  on.     This medium affords a very good example of an intimate connexion between absorption and internal dispersion.
127.    The colouring matters of bird's feathers appeared to be insensible, white feathers being most sensitive, pale ones next, and dark ones not at all: however, I have not examined a large collection.
128.    Of coloured fruits, such as currants, &c., the colouring matter appeared, in the very few cases which I have examined, to be quite insensible.
129.    A set of water colours were by no means remarkable for sensibility,  but  rather   the   contrary.     The   inorganic   colours appeared  quite  insensible, except white lead, the sensibility of which was perhaps due to  size*, and offered nothing striking, either as to its character or as to its amount.    Some lakes and other organic colours proved moderately sensitive.    But I found one water colour, called Indian yellow, which stands pretty high among sensitive substances.    In its mode of dispersion it much resembles turmeric, but it does not come up to that substance in the amount of sensibility.    It is said to be composed of urate of
[* Meaning, of course, not magnitude, but the substance used to make the powder stick together in a cake.]
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